The Golden Apple

Full-Length Musical, Dramatic Comedy  /  4w, 4m

Music Composed by Jerome Moross
Written by John Latouche

A musical retelling of Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey set in Washington state at the turn of the 20th century, this classic American musical, which features the jazz standard "Lazy Afternoon," has earned an avid cult following,

  • Cast Size
    Cast Size
    4w, 4m
  • Duration
    More than 120 minutes (2 hours)
  • SubGenre
    Adaptations (Literature), Fables/Folktales
  • Audience
    Target Audience
    Appropriate for all audiences
  • Winner! 1954 Theatre World Award (Jonathan Lucas)
The Golden Apple


In Washington state at the turn of the 20th century, the small town of Angel’s Roost is thrown into confusion when old Menelaus’s capricious wife Helen runs off with a traveling salesman named Paris, who was in town to judge an apple pie bake-off. Restless Ulysses, just returned from the Spanish-American War, sets off to retrieve Helen, leaving his wife Penelope for a ten-year adventure. The operetta's rousing score includes the jazz standard "Lazy Afternoon."
The Golden Apple premiered off-Broadway at the Phoenix Theatre on March 11, 1954, starring Priscilla Gillette, Kaye Ballard, Stephen Douglass and Jack Whiting. On April 20, 1954, the show opened on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre, where it played for 125 performances.

The Golden Apple transplants Homer’s epic to the little town of Angel’s Roost, nestled at the foot of Washington State's Mt. Olympus in turn-of-the-20th-century America. Ulysses and his men are now returning veterans of the Spanish-American War. Patient Penelope is his loyal, long-suffering housewife. Impatient Helen is a farmer’s daughter of easy virtue recently married to the much older Sheriff Menelaus. (“He’s bent with age, his feet are flat/But his bank account will straighten that!/I love him” she bellows when her disappointed suitors return.)

The Olympian goddesses who meddle in mortal affairs are transformed into three high-powered townswomen: Minerva, goddess of Wisdom, becomes the spinster schoolmarm; Juno, goddess of Women and Marriage, becomes Mrs. Juniper, the mayor’s proper wife; and Aphrodite, goddess of Love, is Lovey Mars, matchmaking busybody married to the local military captain. Ens, goddess of Discord, who deliberately sets the events in motion that will lead to war, is turned into Mother Hare, local mountain-dwelling mystic whom the townswomen consult for potions, herbs and predictions of the future, but whom they consider too strange to include in the social life of Angel’s Roost. Hector, hero of Troy, becomes Mayor Hector of the neighboring city of Rhododendron, a sleazy, Jimmy Walkeresque song and dance man. And Paris becomes that quintessential American figure, the traveling salesman.

Essentially, Act One is The Iliad and Act Two is The Odyssey. Penelope welcomes her wandering husband home and is thrilled at his promise to remain for good. (“It’s the going home together/Through the changing years/It’s the talk about the weather/And the laughter and the tears.”) Unfortunately, Mother Hare, angry at her exclusion from town life, has other plans. She gives a shining apple made of golden wire to be the prize of a baking contest held during the welcome home celebration for the returning soldiers. She knows the three townswomen will all scheme to win it. Handsome Paris, who has just arrived via balloon, is to be the impartial judge. The ladies try to bribe him. Lovey Mars wins out by offering him the favors of Helen, whom she knows cannot resist anything in suspenders. (“I offer you perfection/A love that will not die/Just for the selection/of my little pie.”)

Helen devours the poor fellow and they are soon balloon-bound for the big city. Sheriff Menelaus and the old men of Angel’s Roost whip up a frenzy for revenge in Helen’s legion of former town beaus (“It's the principle of the thing!”) and soon a reluctant Ulysses finds himself once again leaving his stalwart Penelope to fight a war. (“Old men always do the shouting/Young men have to do the shooting.”) But, secretly, Ulysses is glad of the opportunity, as his restless desire to see more of the outside world and the coming scientific wonders of the 20th century has been stirred up by the malicious Mother Hare, who has shown it all to him in a mesmerizing vision.

Ulysses and his men arrive in the big city as Act Two begins. The inhabitants of Rhododendron protect Helen and Paris. Finally, Ulysses and Paris agree to duke it out. When Ulysses wins, Helen hastily makes up with Menelaus and they leave for home.

But Ulysses isn't ready to go just yet and he and his men decide to have a well-deserved night on the town, which is juxtaposed with faithful Penelope's moving lament about all the years she and her husband have lost being apart. (“I lie in the house/As the Stars grow dim/And I think of how his body was/So warm, warm and slim.”) Ulysses’ 10-year wanderings, which give The Odyssey its title, are here transformed into a late-night bender staged as a nightmarish sequence of music hail turns. Calypso, Scylla and Charybdis and the Sirens are portrayed as the various tempting corruptions of the city. They pick off Ulysses men one by one. (“Now we will have our revenge on them/... The city itself will be Our stratagem” sings the oily Mayor Hector.)

Finally, Circe, the sorceress who turns men into swine, arrives to offer Ulysses complete power at the price of human feeling (in the form of the golden apple of Act One). Ulysses is about to accept when a cowardly Paris tries to stab him. Achilles, Ulysses’ last remaining compatriot, dies intercepting the knife meant for his beloved leader.

Now completely alone, Ulysses is forced to look inside himself to find the meaning of it all. His lust for adventure, excitement and sensation has turned victory to ashes. He realizes that:

“Life is life’s answer
And death is the same...
I know that I am myself
And I am also other men And knowing this truly
I can go home again.”

And he does, to an angry Penelope who finally asserts herself (“Should I roll out the carpet?/Ask you sweetly how you are, pet?”), and only accepts him
when she is convinced of his new commitment to human values over the hubristic pursuit of fame, fortune and adventure. Older, wiser and chastened, he is finally home to stay and they vow “We've Just Begun” as the curtain falls.

— Erik Haagensen

(In order of vocal appearance)

Helen Mezzo-Soprano
Lovey Mars Contralto
Mrs. Juniper Mezzo-Soprano
Miss Minerva Oliver Soprano
Mother Hare Contralto
Penelope Soprano
Menelaus Tenor
Heroes (Singers):
Diomede Tenor
Patroclus Tenor
Doc MacCahan Tenor
Nestor Bass
Ajax Bass
Achilles Bass
Heroes (Dancers):
Captain Mars
Ulysses Baritone
Mayor Juniper Baritone
Paris Dancer
Hector Charybdis Baritone (Song and Dance Man)
Madame Calypso (played by Mrs. Juniper)
Scylla (played by Menelaus)
The Siren (played by Lovey Mars)
The Scientist (played by Miss Minerva)
Circe (sung by Mother Hare, played by a Dancer)

The original Broadway production had a cast of 39, including chorus.
  • Time Period 1900-1910
  • Setting The town of Angel's Roost in Washington state, between 1900 and 1910.
  • Features Period Costumes
  • Duration More than 120 minutes (2 hours)


“A work of astonishing breadth and beauty.” – The New York Times

“Oh, the music: 135 glorious minutes of it, unsullied by dialogue. Moross, best known for his film scores to westerns including The Big Country, was a member of Aaron Copland’s coterie and brings the familiar sound we call American, with its modal harmonies and widely spaced voicings, to a work of astonishing breadth and beauty.” – Jesse Green, The New York Times

“The score is delightful, a veritable catalogue of mid-twentieth century American music — Copland-like orchestral, operetta, jazz, ragtime, vaudeville, country and get-down blues.” – Jonathan Mandell, New York Theater

“While the show certainly has its serious, deeply moving sections, most of them involving the relationship of the faithful Penelope and the wandering Ulysses, overall it's notable for the creators' wonderfully light touch... The quality and range of the music in The Golden Apple is astounding, the lyrics true genius.” – Michael Portantiere, Talkin' Broadway


Music Samples

Act I

“Nothin’ Ever Happens in Angel's Roost” - Helen, Lovey Mars, Mrs. Juniper and Miss Minerva Oliver
“My Love Is On the Way” - Penelope
“The Heroes Come Home” - The Company
“It Was a Glad Adventure” - Ulysses and the Heroes
“Come Along Boys” - The Heroes and Ensemble
“It's the Going Home Together” - Ulysses and Penelope
“Helen Is Always Willing” - The Heroes
“Introducin' Mr. Paris” - Paris and Ensemble
“Lazy Afternoon” - Helen and Paris

Act II

“My Picture in the Papers” - Helen, Paris and Male Ensemble
“Wildflowers” - Penelope
“Store-Bought Suit” - Ulysses
“Goona-Goona” - Lovey Mars
“Doomed, Doomed, Doomed” - Miss Minerva Oliver
“Circe, Circe” - Circe, Mother Hare and the Ensemble

Full Orchestration

Violin I (2 stands)
Violin II (1 stand)
Viola (1 stand)
Cello (1 stand)

Reed I – Flute (doubling Piccolo)
Reed II – Oboe (doubling English Horn)
Reed III – Clarinet I (doubling Alto Saxophone)
Reed IV – Clarinet II (doubling Bass Clarinet and Tenor Saxophone)
Reed V – Bassoon

Horn I & II
Trumpet I & II (both doubling Cornet)

Percussion: Drums, Timpani, Bells, Vibraphone
Piano (doubling Celesta)

  • Musical Style Operetta
  • Dance Requirements Easy
  • Vocal DemandsDifficult
  • Orchestra Size Large
  • Chorus Size Large

Licensing & Materials

  • Licensing fees and rental materials quoted upon application.

Music Rentals

Concord offers a full suite of resources to help you put on the show of a lifetime!
44 Vocal Books
1 Piano-Conductor
1 Reed 1
1 Reed 2
1 Reed 3
1 Reed 4
1 Reed 5
2 Horn 1&2
2 Trumpet 1&2
1 Trombone
1 Percussion
1 Piano
1 Harp
2 Violin 1
1 Violin 2
1 Viola
1 Cello
1 Bass
44 Vocal Books
1 Piano-Conductor


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John Latouche

John Treville Latouche (1914-1956) grew up in poverty in Richmond, VA and moved to New York City in 1932. He attended, on scholarship, first the Riverdale Country School and then Columbia University, where he wrote the book, lyrics and some of the music for the Varsity Show o ...

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Jerome Moross

Jerome Moross (1913-1983). Moross' career encompasses three spheres; Broadway, Hollywood and the concert hall. He is best known to some audiences as the composer of the Academy Award-nominated score for William Wyler’s epic western, The Big Country (1958). An innovative score ...

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